Orientational Preferences of Neighboring Helices Can Drive ER Insertion of a Marginally Hydrophobic Transmembrane Helix
2012 (English)In: Molecular Cell, ISSN 1097-2765, E-ISSN 1097-4164, Vol. 45, no 4, 529-540 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
alpha-helical integral membrane proteins critically depend on the correct insertion of their transmembrane alpha helices into the lipid bilayer for proper folding, yet a surprisingly large fraction of the transmembrane alpha helices in multispanning integral membrane proteins are not sufficiently hydrophobic to insert into the target membrane by themselves. How can such marginally hydrophobic segments nevertheless form transmembrane helices in the folded structure? Here, we show that a transmembrane helix with a strong orientational preference (N-cyt-C-lum or N-lum-C-cyt) can both increase and decrease the hydrophobicity threshold for membrane insertion of a neighboring, marginally hydrophobic helix. This effect helps explain the missing hydrophobicity in polytopic membrane proteins.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 45, no 4, 529-540 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-76981DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2011.12.024ISI: 000300753800012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-76981DiVA: diva2:531099