Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Leisure activities, cognition and dementia
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI).
2012 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease, ISSN 0925-4439, Vol. 1822, no 3, 482-491 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Accumulated evidence shows that leisure activities have a positive impact on cognitive function and dementia. This review aimed to systematically summarize the current evidence on this topic taking into account the limitations of the studies and biological plausibility for the underlying mechanisms linking cognition, dementia and leisure activities, with special attention on mental, physical and social activities. We included only longitudinal studies, with a follow-up time of at least 2 years, published in English from 1991 to March 2011 on leisure activities and cognition (n = 29) or dementia (n = 23) and provided some evidence from intervention studies on the topic. A protective effect of mental activity on cognitive function has been consistently reported in both observational and interventional studies. The association of mental activity with the risk of dementia was robust in observational studies but inconsistent in clinical trials. The protective effect of physical activity on the risk of cognitive decline and dementia has been reported in most observational studies, but has been less evident in interventional studies. Current evidence concerning the beneficial effect of other types of leisure activities on the risk of dementia is still limited and results are inconsistent. For future studies it is imperative that the assessment of leisure activities is standardized, for example, the frequency, intensity, duration and the type of activity: and also that the cognitive test batteries and the definition of cognitive decline are harmonized/standardized. Further, well designed studies with long follow-up times are necessary. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Imaging Brain Aging and Neurodegenerative disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 1822, no 3, 482-491 p.
Keyword [en]
Cognitive function, Dementia, Leisure activity, Mental activity, Physical activity, Social
National Category
Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-76966DOI: 10.1016/j.bbadis.2011.09.002ISI: 000300807000020OAI: diva2:534215


Available from: 2012-06-15 Created: 2012-05-28 Last updated: 2013-04-30Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text
By organisation
Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI)
In the same journal
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease
Biological Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 39 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link