Interactions and Coevolution in Tritrophic systems
2012 (English)Report (Other academic)
Ecological systems are usually complex, with a number of interacting species. These species interactions are commonly divided into two major groups: mutualistic and antagonistic. If the interactions are mutualistic, they are beneficial for all species involved, as in specialized relationships between certain plants and their pollinators. Antagonistic interactions, on the other hand, can be either competitive or trophic. Trophically interacting species are for example plants and their associated herbivores, predators and their prey or parasites and their hosts. In many of these interactions, some species are depending on others in order to survive. If one species changes, other species associated to it may have to adapt to the changes. This may lead to a process of reciprocal evolution between the interacting species, called coevolution. In this paper I start with a brief background on coevolution and local adaptation, and then describe some interactions in tritrophic systems. The tritrophic systems I focus on consist of plants, herbivore insects and parasitoids. I discuss some processes and mechanisms in these systems, such as host search, plant defense and the immune response in insects. In the end of the paper, a short description of my PhD-project is included.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Botany, Stockholm University , 2012. , 21 p.
Plants & Ecology, ISSN 1651-9248 ; 3
Research subject Ecological Botany
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-77641OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-77641DiVA: diva2:534563