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Emotional responses in spider fear are closely related to picture awareness:  
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Karolinska Institutet.
Karolinska Institutet.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
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2012 (English)In: Cognition & Emotion, ISSN 0269-9931, E-ISSN 1464-0600, Vol. 26, no 2, 252-260 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Theories of emotion propose that responses to emotional pictures can occur independently of whether or not people are aware of the picture content. Because evidence from dissociation paradigms is inconclusive, we manipulated picture awareness gradually and studied whether emotional responses varied with degree of awareness. Spider fearful and non-fearful participants viewed pictures of spiders and flowers at four levels of backward masking while electrodermal activity and heart rate were measured continuously. Recognition ratings confirmed that participants’ picture awareness decreased with masking. Critically, effects of spider fear on emotion ratings and heart rate also decreased with masking. These findings suggest that effects of spider fear on emotion ratings and heart rate are closely related to picture awareness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 26, no 2, 252-260 p.
Keyword [en]
fear, consciousness, awareness, masking, psychophysiology, heart rate
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-79087DOI: 10.1080/02699931.2011.579087ISI: 000301650700005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-79087DiVA: diva2:547113
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 421-2004-1845, 421-2010-1697
Available from: 2012-08-27 Created: 2012-08-27 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Peira, NathalieSilke, AndersWiens, Stefan
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