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Who are you looking at?: The influence of face gender on visual attention and memory for own- and other-race faces
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
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2012 (English)In: Memory, ISSN 0965-8211, E-ISSN 1464-0686, Vol. 20, no 4, 321-331 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research suggests that the own-race bias (ORB) in memory for faces is a result of other-race faces receiving less visual attention at encoding. As women typically display an own-gender bias in memory for faces and men do not, we investigated whether face gender and sex of viewer influenced visual attention and memory for own- and other-race faces, and if preferential viewing of own-race faces contributed to the ORB in memory. Participants viewed pairs of female or male own- and other-race faces while their viewing time was recorded. Afterwards, they completed a surprise memory test. We found that (1) other-race males received the initial focus of attention, (2) own-race faces were viewed longer than other-race faces over time, although the difference was larger for female faces, and (3) even though longer viewing time increased the probability of remembering a face, it did not explain the magnified ORB in memory for female faces. Importantly, these findings highlight that face gender moderates attentional responses to and memory for own- and other-race faces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 20, no 4, 321-331 p.
Keyword [en]
face recognition, visual attention, own-race bias, own-gender bias, sex differences
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-79088DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2012.658064ISI: 000303579900001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-79088DiVA: diva2:547117
Note

This research was supported by a grant from the Swedish Research Council awarded to Agneta Herlitz. We are grateful to Elin Frögéli for assisting with the data collection.

Available from: 2012-08-27 Created: 2012-08-27 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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