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Legacies of pre-industrial land use can bias modern tree-ring climate calibrations
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
2012 (English)In: Climate Research (CR), ISSN 0936-577X, E-ISSN 1616-1572, Vol. 53, no 1, 63-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Scandinavia, dendrochronological reconstructions of past climate have mostly been based on tree-ring data from forests in which there has been, supposedly, very little or no human impact. However, human land use in sub-alpine forests has a substantially longer history and more profound effects on the forest ecosystems than previously acknowledged. Therefore, to assess human influence on tree-ring patterns over the last 500 yr, we have analyzed tree-ring patterns using trees from 2 abandoned Sami settlements and a reference site with no human impact-all situated in the Tjeggelvas Nature Reserve in north-west Sweden. The hypothesis was that land use legacies have affected tree-ring patterns, and in turn, the resulting palaeoclimate inferences that have been made from these patterns. Our results show that climate signals are strongest at the reference site and weakest at one of the settlement sites. From the 1940s to the present, tree growth at this settlement site has been significantly lower than at the reference site. Lower tree growth at old settlements may have resulted from rapid changes in the traditional land use, or following the abrupt change when the settlements were abandoned. Without site-specific know ledge of past land use, there is a high risk of accidently sampling trees that have been affected by human-induced disturbances in the past. This may create bias in the climate signals inferred from such trees, and hence bias the outcome of climate reconstructions. We therefore recommend sampling several separate sites in study areas to improve the robustness of inferences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 53, no 1, 63-76 p.
Keyword [en]
Scots pine, Tree-rings, Maximum latewood density, Climate reconstruction, Human land use, Vegetation history
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-79731DOI: 10.3354/cr01083ISI: 000304428800006OAI: diva2:551496


Available from: 2012-09-11 Created: 2012-09-11 Last updated: 2012-09-11Bibliographically approved

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Gunnarson, Björn E.
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