Lack of significant influence for Fc gamma RIIa-RH131 or hemoglobin AA/AS polymorphisms on immunity and susceptibility to uncomplicated malaria and existence of marked linkage between the two polymorphisms in Daraweesh
2012 (English)In: Microbes and infection, ISSN 1286-4579, E-ISSN 1769-714X, Vol. 14, no 6, 537-544 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Malaria signature on human genome is marked by several gene polymorphisms. HemoglobinAS (HbAS) is known to protect against severe malaria, but barely proved to protect against uncomplicated malaria (UM). Similarly, the influence of Fc gamma RIIa-RH131 polymorphism on malaria is controversial. Polymorphisms in both genes were examined and levels of IgG subclasses against four malaria antigens were measured for 250 Fulani's from Daraweesh, eastern Sudan. Morbidity data for up to nine years was available for 214 donors. Number of malaria episodes experienced by each individual during the study period was used as indicator for susceptibility to UM. PCR and RFLP were used for donors DNA genotyping and ELISA for antibodies measurement. Results revealed that neither Fc gamma RIIa-RH131 alleles/genotypes nor HbAA/AS was significantly associated with malaria morbidity or with levels of IgG to test antigens. Both polymorphisms were in Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium, interestingly, there was strong association between the two polymorphisms (linkage disequilibrium - LD) with D' = 0.89. The association between the two polymorphisms was confirmed by analysis of independent material from a neighboring village. In conclusion, in Daraweesh both Fc gamma RIIa-RH131 and HbAA/AS genotypes, independently or together, were not major markers for UM susceptibility, however, marked LD was observed between the two polymorphisms.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 14, no 6, 537-544 p.
Malaria susceptibility, Polymorphism, Fc gamma RIIa-RH131, HbAS, Linkage disequilibrium, Sudan
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-79881DOI: 10.1016/j.micinf.2012.01.003ISI: 000304519900008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-79881DiVA: diva2:551869