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Influence of activated carbon and biochar on phytotoxicity of air-dried sewage sludges to Lepidium sativum
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM).
2012 (English)In: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, ISSN 0147-6513, E-ISSN 1090-2414, Vol. 80, 321-326 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The goal of the research was to determine the phytotoxicity (using Lepidium sativum) of two activated carbon/biochar-amended sewage sludges. Apart from the impact of the AC/biochar dose, the influence of biochar particle diameter (< 300, 300-500 and > 500 mu m) and the influence of the contact time (7, 60, 90 days) between AC/biochar and sewage sludges on their phytotoxicity was also assessed. No negative impact of sewage sludges on seed germination was observed (P > 0.05). The application of AC or biochar to the sludges positively affected root growth by reducing the harmful effect by 7.8 to 42% depending on the material used. Furthermore, the reduction range clearly depended on the type of sewage sludge. No differences were observed in the inhibition of the toxic effect between both biochar types used and the biochar particle size. The extension of the contact time between AC/biochar and sewage sludges had a negative impact on root growth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 80, 321-326 p.
Keyword [en]
Biochar, Sewage sludge, Activated carbon, Phytotoxicity, Lepidium sativum
National Category
Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-79877DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2012.03.015ISI: 000304337300046OAI: diva2:551884


Available from: 2012-09-12 Created: 2012-09-11 Last updated: 2012-09-12Bibliographically approved

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Cornelissen, Gerard
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