Genetic and chaetal variation in Nais worms (Annelida, Clitellata, Naididae)
2012 (English)In: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, ISSN 0024-4082, E-ISSN 1096-3642, Vol. 165, no 3, 495-520 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The genus Nais is a group of oligochaetous clitellates, common in eutrophic freshwater habitats. About 30 species are described. Species identification is based primarily on chaetal characters, which are often subtle, inconsistent, and even overlapping between nominal species. We investigated the correlation between genetic variation and chaetal morphology in this genus. Eighty-one individuals from Europe, North America, and China were included in the study. Seventy-five of these were preserved as vouchers. They were scrutinized with regard to chaetal morphology, and ten different morphotypes were identified. Three molecular markers, two mitochondrial (the COI gene and 16S rDNA) and one nuclear (the ITS region), were used to establish the genetic lineages in the material. Genetic variation was found to be largely congruent with chaetal character patterns. However, at least nine separately evolving lineages (all supported by mitochondrial as well as nuclear data) correspond to at most six nominal species. Four morphotypes/lineages are recognized as Nais barbata, Nais christinae, Nais elinguis, and Nais stolci, respectively, whereas five, or possibly more, lineages represent a morphological continuum covering the variation of the Nais communis/variabilis complex. Thus, cryptic speciation is revealed. Our results indicate that a taxonomic revision of the genus will be needed in the future.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 165, no 3, 495-520 p.
mitochondrial genes, morphology, Naidinae, nuclear genes, speciation, species delimitation, species identification
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-80043DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2012.00828.xISI: 000305685000002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-80043DiVA: diva2:551938