Coastal paleo environment and sea level change at Macassa Bay, Southern Mozambique, since c 6600 cal bp
2012 (English)In: Quaternary International, ISSN 1040-6182, Vol. 260, 153-163 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Changes in Holocene coastal paleo-environment and sea-level variations have been recorded in estuary sediments from Macassa Bay, southern Mozambique. Methods include analysis of fossil diatoms, sediment stratigraphy, mineral magnetic properties, stable carbon and nitrogen isotope composition and carbon and nitrogen content. The chronology, based on six AMS C-14 dates, suggests a basal age of the sediment core of c 6600 cal BP (calibrated years Before Present). The multi-proxy dataset implies two phases when the site was experiencing marine conditions and tentative sea-level high-stands: 1) between c 6600-6300 cal BP which is contemporary with the last phase of the global transgression and the Holocene climatic optimum, and 2) between c 4700-1000 cal BP, a period when sea level curves from the region suggest occasional minor sea level high-stands. Between these phases (c 6300-4700 cal BP), the environment within the Macassa Bay estuary was less influenced by marine processes, and studied proxies indicate a freshwater phase associated with relatively low sea levels. After c 1000 cal BP, a terrestrial environment prevailed at the site, probably as a result of a combined effect of sea level lowering and high accumulation of organic peat within the estuary.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 260, 153-163 p.
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Physical Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-79753DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2011.11.032ISI: 000304722900014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-79753DiVA: diva2:552008