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Lexical typology through similarity semantics: Toward a semantic map of motion verbs
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0256-6855
2012 (English)In: Linguistics, ISSN 0024-3949, E-ISSN 1613-396x, Vol. 50, no 3, 671-710 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper discusses a multidimensional probabilistic semantic map of lexical motion verb stems based on data collected from parallel texts (viz. translations of the Gospel according to Mark) for 100 languages from all continents. The crosslinguistic diversity of lexical semantics in motion verbs is illustrated in detail for the domain of 'go', 'come', and 'arrive' type contexts. It is argued that the theoretical bases underlying probabilistic semantic maps from exemplar data are the isomorphism hypothesis (given any two meanings and their corresponding forms in any particular language, more similar meanings are more likely to be expressed by the same form in any language), similarity semantics (similarity is more basic than identity), and exemplar semantics (exemplar meaning is more fundamental than abstract concepts).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 50, no 3, 671-710 p.
National Category
Languages and Literature
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-79715DOI: 10.1515/ling-2012-0021ISI: 000304082200010OAI: diva2:552057


Available from: 2012-09-12 Created: 2012-09-11 Last updated: 2014-06-02Bibliographically approved

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Wälchli, Bernhard
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