Geolocators reveal three consecutive wintering areas in the thrush nightingale
2012 (English)In: Animal Migration, ISSN 2084-8838, Vol. 1, 1-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The winter distribution of many migratory birds wintering in tropical Africa is poorly known. After the crossing of the Sahara Desert, some long-distance migrants typically stay in the Sahel zone for an extended period before continuing migration to their main wintering areas south of the equator. Here we show how two thrush nightingales (Luscinia luscinia) fitted with light-level geolocators, after a six to seven week long stay in the Sahel zone of Sudan, moved to an intermediate area in northern Kenya for a month-long stay before continuing to their final wintering areas in southern Africa. These data indicate that thrush nightingales may use three consecutive wintering sites during their stay in Africa. The migratory movements in Africa between wintering sites are well-coordinated with high precipitation in these areas, suggesting that thrush nightingales track peaks of insect abundance occurring after rains. This three-stage wintering strategy has, to our knowledge, previously not been described, and shows that long-distance migrants can have complex wintering behaviour.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 1, 1-7 p.
Bird migration, Africa, Sahel region, Geolocator, Stopover, Wintering pattern
Behavioral Sciences Biology
Research subject Ethology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-80175DOI: 10.2478/ami-2012-0001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-80175DiVA: diva2:552158