Cell-penetrating Peptides Split into Two Groups Based on Modulation of Intracellular Calcium Concentration
2012 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 287, no 20, 16880-16889 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) promote the uptake of different cargo molecules, e.g. therapeutic compounds, making the harnessing of CPPs a promising strategy for drug design and delivery. However, the internalization mechanisms of CPPs are still under discussion, and it is not clear how cells compensate the disturbances induced by peptides in the plasma membrane. In this study, we demonstrate that the uptake of various CPPs enhances the intracellular Ca2+ levels in Jurkat and HeLa cells. The elevated Ca2+ concentration in turn triggers plasma membrane blebbing, lysosomal exocytosis, and membrane repair response. Our results indicate that CPPs split into two major classes: (i) amphipathic CPPs that modulate the plasma membrane integrity inducing influx of Ca2+ and activating downstream responses starting from low concentrations; (ii) non-amphipathic CPPs that do not evoke changes at relevant concentrations. Triggering of the membrane repair response may help cells to replace distorted plasma membrane regions and cells can recover from the influx of Ca2+ if its level is not drastically elevated.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 287, no 20, 16880-16889 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-80108DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.318063ISI: 000304030900074OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-80108DiVA: diva2:553395