Family-friendly Working Conditions and Childbearing: A Capability Approach to Fertility Behaviour among Young Adult Women in Sweden
(English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Previous studies have shown that unfavourable working conditions, in terms of overtime, unsocial and inflexible working, etc., influence men’s and women’s work–family conflict. The relationship between working conditions and childbearing has rarely been studied, however. This study addresses the impact of family-friendly working conditions and individual resources on young adult women’s capability to have children in Sweden, and whether these factors have different impact on childless women’s and mothers’ further childbearing behaviour. The conceptual framework is inspired by Amartya Sen’s Capability Approach, which helps to advance our understanding of how institutional context, workplace practices and individual life situation shape women’s propensity to have children. Analysis of data extracted from the Swedish panel survey YAPS shows that especially the transition to the second child is associated with women’s family-friendly working conditions, while the partner’s family-friendly working conditions is associated with the transition to both first and second births. The analysis also reveals that family-friendly working conditions are most salient for the less educated and low income childless women’s transition to motherhood, and for low educated mothers’ second birth.
capability approach, childbearing, family-friendly work, Sweden, working conditions
Research subject Sociological Demography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-79496OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-79496DiVA: diva2:555507