Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Confronting Feedbacks of Degraded Marine Ecosystems
Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Baltic Nest Institute.
Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Baltic Nest Institute.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology.
Show others and affiliations
2012 (English)In: Ecosystems (New York. Print), ISSN 1432-9840, E-ISSN 1435-0629, Vol. 15, no 5, 695-710 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In many coastal areas, marine ecosystems have shifted into contrasting states having reduced ecosystem services (hereafter called degraded). Such degraded ecosystems may be slow to revert to their original state due to new ecological feedbacks that reinforce the degraded state. A better understanding of the way human actions influence the strength and direction of feedbacks, how different feedbacks could interact, and at what scales they operate, may be necessary in some cases for successful management of marine ecosystems. Here we synthesize interactions of critical feedbacks of the degraded states from six globally distinct biomes: coral reefs, kelp forests, seagrass beds, shallow soft sediments, oyster reefs, and coastal pelagic food webs. We explore to what extent current management captures these feedbacks and propose strategies for how and when (that is, windows of opportunity) to influence feedbacks in ways to break the resilience of the degraded ecosystem states. We conclude by proposing some challenges for future research that could improve our understanding of these issues and emphasize that management of degraded marine states will require a broad social-ecological approach to succeed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 15, no 5, 695-710 p.
Keyword [en]
alternative states, degradation, feedbacks, management, marine ecosystems, regime shift, resilience, restoration
National Category
Environmental Sciences Ecology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-80623DOI: 10.1007/s10021-012-9530-6ISI: 000306952400001OAI: diva2:556491


Available from: 2012-09-25 Created: 2012-09-25 Last updated: 2012-09-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Nyström, MagnusBlenckner, Thorstende la Torre-Castro, MaricelaEklöf, Johan S.Österblom, HenrikThyresson, Matilda
By organisation
Baltic Nest InstituteDepartment of Systems Ecology
In the same journal
Ecosystems (New York. Print)
Environmental SciencesEcology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 164 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link