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Effects of worksite health interventions involving reduced work hours and physical exercise on sickness absence costs
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2012 (English)In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1076-2752, E-ISSN 1536-5948, Vol. 54, no 5, 538-544 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To investigate the effects of physical exercise during work hours (PE) and reduced work hours (RWH) on direct and indirect costs associated with sickness absence (SA). Methods: Sickness absence and related costs at six workplaces, matched and randomized to three conditions (PE, RWH, and referents), were retrieved from company records and/or estimated using salary conversion methods or value-added equations on the basis of interview data. Results: Although SA days decreased in all conditions (PE, 11.4%; RWH, 4.9%; referents, 15.9%), costs were reduced in the PE (22.2%) and RWH (4.9%) conditions but not among referents (10.2% increase). Conclusions: Worksite health interventions may generate savings in SA costs. Costs may not be linear to changes in SA days. Combing the friction method with indirect cost estimates on the basis of value-added productivity may help illuminate both direct and indirect SA costs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2012. Vol. 54, no 5, 538-544 p.
Keyword [en]
direct costs, firm/introspective methods, economic evaluation, friction cost method, health promotion, human capital method, indirect costs, occupational health and safety interventions, physical activity, sick leave, Sweden
National Category
Psychology Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-80072DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31824e11cdISI: 000303919100005OAI: diva2:557211


Available from: 2012-09-27 Created: 2012-09-12 Last updated: 2015-02-04Bibliographically approved

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von Thiele Schwarz, Ulrica
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