Anisotropies in the diffuse gamma-ray background from dark matter with Fermi LAT: a closer look
2011 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 414, no 3, 2040-2054 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We perform a detailed study of the sensitivity to the anisotropies related to dark matter (DM) annihilation in the isotropic gamma-ray background (IGRB) as measured by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (Fermi LAT). For the first time, we take into account the effects of the Galactic foregrounds and use a realistic representation of the Fermi LAT. We implement an analysis pipeline which simulates Fermi LAT data sets starting from model maps of the Galactic foregrounds, the Fermi-resolved point sources, the extragalactic diffuse emission and the signal from DM annihilation. The effects of the detector are taken into account by convolving the model maps with the Fermi LAT instrumental response. We then use the angular power spectrum to characterize the anisotropy properties of the simulated data and to study the sensitivity to DM. We consider DM anisotropies of extragalactic origin and of Galactic origin (which can be generated through annihilation in the MilkyWay substructures) as opposed to a background of anisotropies generated by sources of astrophysical origin, blazars for example. We find that with statistics from 5 yr of observation, Fermi is sensitive to a DM contribution at the level of 1-10 per cent of the measured IGRB depending on the DM mass m. and annihilation mode. In terms of the thermally averaged cross-section <sigma(A)v >, this corresponds to similar to 10(-25) cm(3) s(-1), i. e. slightly above the typical expectations for a thermal relic, for low values of the DM mass m(x) less than or similar to 100 GeV. The anisotropy method for DM searches has a sensitivity comparable to the usual methods based only on the energy spectrum and thus constitutes an independent and complementary piece of information in the DM puzzle.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 414, no 3, 2040-2054 p.
methods: statistical, dark matter, large-scale structure of Universe, gamma-rays: diffuse background
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-80714DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18525.xISI: 000292977600018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-80714DiVA: diva2:557325