The Personality Underpinnings of Explicit and Implicit Generalized Prejudice
2012 (English)In: Social Psychological and Personality Science, ISSN 1948-5506, Vol. 3, no 5, 614-621 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The idea of prejudice as a tendency that can be generalized from one target to another and the personality–prejudice relationship have been widely examined using explicit measures. However, less is known about this tendency and its relation to personality for implicit prejudice measures, like the implicit association test (IAT). Three studies including explicit and corresponding implicit prejudice measures toward various target groups confirmed a generalized factor for both types of measures with a stronger common component for the explicit factor. Personality was significantly related to the explicit measures only. Also, the personality and prejudice measures were unrelated to explicit and implicit attitudes toward an irrelevant target which rules out potential method confound. These results indicate that explicit and implicit prejudice measures tap different psychological constructs relating differently to the individual’s self-reported personality. The findings have implications for the debate on whether IAT scores reflect personally endorsed attitudes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2012. Vol. 3, no 5, 614-621 p.
personality, generalized prejudice, implicit association test
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-80941DOI: 10.1177/1948550611432937OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-80941DiVA: diva2:558394
The Swedish Research Council supported this research by grants to Nazar Akrami (2007-2315 & 2008—2319) and Bo Ekehammar (2008-2320).2012-10-032012-10-032012-11-02Bibliographically approved