Improving the therapeutic ratio in stereotactic radiosurgery: optimizing treatment protocols based on kinetics of repair of sublethal radiation damage
2013 (English)In: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment (Trykt), ISSN 1533-0346, Vol. 12, no 4, 349-361 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sublethal damage after radiation exposure may become lethal or be repaired according to repair kinetics. This is a well-established concept in conventional radiotherapy. It also plays an important role in single-dose stereotactic radiotherapy treatments, often called stereotactic radiosurgery, when duration of treatment is extended due to source decay or treatment planning protocol. The purpose of this study is to look into the radiobiological characteristics of normal brain tissue and treatment protocols and find a way to optimize the time course of these protocols. The general problem is nonlinear and can be solved numerically. For numerical optimization of the time course of radiation protocol, a biexponential repair model with slow and fast components was considered. With the clinically imposed constraints of a fixed total dose and total treatment time, three parameters for each fraction (dose-rate, fraction duration, time of each fraction) were simultaneously optimized. A biological optimization can be performed by maximizing the therapeutic difference between tumor control probability and normal tissue complication probability. Specifically, for gamma knife radiosurgery, this approach can be implemented for normal brain tissue or tumor voxels separately in a treatment plan. Differences in repair kinetics of normal tissue and tumors can be used to find clinically optimized protocols. Thus, in addition to considering the physical dose in tumor and normal tissue, we also account for repair of sublethal damage in both these tissues.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 12, no 4, 349-361 p.
Biologically effective dose, Sublethal radiation damage, Cell survival, Radiobiological modeling
Cancer and Oncology
Research subject Medical Radiation Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-81078DOI: 10.7785/tcrt.2012.500324ISI: 000322611300008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-81078DiVA: diva2:559344