Chemosensory proteins, major salivary factors in caterpillar mandibular glands
2012 (English)In: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, ISSN 0965-1748, E-ISSN 1879-0240, Vol. 42, no 10, 796-805 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Research in the field of insect-host plant interactions has indicated that constituents of insect saliva play an important role in digestion and affect host chemical defense responses. However, most efforts have focused on studying the composition and function of regurgitant or saliva produced in the labial glands. Acknowledging the need for understanding the role of the mandibular glands in herbivory, we sought to make a qualitative and semi-quantitative comparison of soluble luminal fractions between mandibular and labial glands of Vanessa gonerilla butterfly larvae. Amylase and lysozyme were inspected as possible major enzymatic activities in the mandibular glands aiding in pre-digestion and antimicrobial defense. Although detected, neither of these enzymatic activities was prominent in the luminal protein preparation of a particular type of gland. Proteins isolated from the glands were identified by mass spectrometry and by searching an EST-library database generated for four other nymphalid butterfly species, in addition to the public NCBI database. The identified proteins were also quantified from thedata using “Quanty”, an in-house program. The proteomic analysis detected chemosensory proteins as the most abundant luminal proteins in the mandibular glands. In comparison to these proteins, the relative amounts of amylase and lysozyme were much lower in both gland types. Therefore, we speculate that the primary role of the mandibular glands in Lepidopteran larvae is chemoreception which may include the detection of microorganisms on plant surfaces, host plant recognition and communication with conspecifics.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 42, no 10, 796-805 p.
Mandibular glands, Chemosensory protein, Lysozyme, Amylase, Caterpillar, Saliva, Phyllosphere, Insect–host plant interaction, Proteomics, Mass spectrometry
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject Zoology; Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-81231DOI: 10.1016/j.ibmb.2012.07.008ISI: 000309620400008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-81231DiVA: diva2:560526