Atmospheric fate of poly- and perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFASs): II. Emission source strength in summer in Zurich, Switzerland
2012 (English)In: Environmental Pollution, ISSN 0269-7491, E-ISSN 1873-6424, Vol. 169, 204-209 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) and perfluorooctane sulfonamides (FOSAs) are present in consumer products and are semi-volatile precursors of persistent perfluoroallcyl acids (PFAAs). The high variability of levels of FrOHs and FOSAs in products makes it difficult to derive FTOH- and FOSA-emissions from urban areas based on emission factors. Here we used a multimedia mass balance model that describes the day-night cycle of semi-volatile organic chemicals in air to interpret measurements of 8:2 FTOH, 10:2 FTOH, MeFOSA and EtFOSA from a sampling campaign in summer 2010 in Zurich, Switzerland. The estimated emission source strength of the four substances follows the sequence: 8:2 FTOH (2.6 g/h) > 10:2 FTOH (0.75 g/h) > MeFOSA (0.08 g/h) > EtFOSA (0.05 g/h). There is no FTOHs- or FOSAs-related industry in Zurich. Accordingly, our estimates are representative of diffusive emissions during use and disposal of consumer products, and describe noticeable sources of these PFASs to the environment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 169, 204-209 p.
Fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs), Perfluorooctane sulfonamides (FOSAs), Emission source strength, Nocturnal boundary layer, Diel pattern
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-81265DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2012.03.037ISI: 000307144600033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-81265DiVA: diva2:560573