Comparison of stable carbon and oxygen isotopes in Picea glauca tree rings and Sphagnum fuscum moss remains from subarctic Canada
2012 (English)In: Quaternary Research, ISSN 0033-5894, E-ISSN 1096-0287, Vol. 78, no 2, 295-302 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Stable isotope ratios from tree rings and peatland mosses have become important proxies of past climate variations. We here compare recent stable carbon and oxygen isotope ratios in cellulose of tree rings from white spruce (Picea glauca), growing near the arctic tree line; and cellulose of Sphagnum fuscum stems, growing in a hummock of a subarctic peatland, in west-central Canada. Results show that carbon isotopes in S. fuscum correlate significantly with July temperatures over the past similar to 20 yr. The oxygen isotopes correlate with both summer temperature and precipitation. Analyses of the tree-ring isotopes revealed summer temperatures to be the main controlling factor for carbon isotope variations, whereas tree-ring oxygen isotope ratios are controlled by a combination of spring temperatures and precipitation totals. We also explore the potential of combining high-frequency (annual) climate signals derived from long tree-ring series with low-frequency (decadal to centennial) climate signals derived from the moss remains in peat deposits. This cross-archive comparison revealed no association between the oxygen isotopes, which likely results from the varying sensitivity of the archives to different seasons. For the carbon isotopes, common variance could be achieved through adjustments of the Sphagnum age model within dating error.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 78, no 2, 295-302 p.
Stable isotopes, Canadian sub-Arctic, Tree rings, Peat moss
Research subject Quarternary Geology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-81254DOI: 10.1016/j.yqres.2012.05.014ISI: 000308516000015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-81254DiVA: diva2:560633