On the Effects of Malaria Treatment on Parasite Drug Resistance: Probability Modelling of Genotyped Malaria Infections
2013 (English)In: The International Journal of Biostatistics, ISSN 1557-4679, Vol. 9, no 1, 135-148 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We compare the frequency of resistant genes of malaria parasites before treatment and at first malaria incidence after treatment. The data come from a clinical trial at two health facilities in Tanzania and concerns single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at three positions believed to be related to resistance to malaria treatment. A problem is that mixed infections are common, which both obscures the underlying frequency of alleles at each locus as well as the associations between loci in samples where alleles are mixed. We use combinatorics and quite involved probability methods to handle multiple infections and multiple haplotypes. The infection with the different haplotypes seemed to be independent of each other. We showed that at two of the three studied SNPs, the proportion of resistant genes had increased after treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine alone but when treated in combination with artesunate, no effect was noticed. First recurrences of malaria associated more with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine alone as treatment than when in combination with artesunate. We also found that the recruited children had two different ongoing malaria infections where the parasites had different gene types.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 9, no 1, 135-148 p.
Probability Theory and Statistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-81350DOI: 10.1515/ijb-2012-0016ISI: 000329433300009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-81350DiVA: diva2:561022
International Science Programme (ISP), Uppsala, Sweden2012-10-162012-10-162014-01-31Bibliographically approved