The multiple burdens of foreign-named men - testing ethnic discrimination in the hiring process
(English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
For the past couple of decades, scholars have repeatedly documented persistent ethnic inequality in the Swedish labor market. Still, the conception that ethnic discrimination is part of the problem of ethnic inequality remains contested, in academia as well as public debate. Drawing on the results of a field experiment (correspondence test), this paper provides evidence of extensive ethnic discrimination in the Swedish labor market. Pairs of equally merited applications, one with a Swedish name and one with an Arabic or African name, were sent in response to job openings. Discrimination was measured by documenting the existence of an ethnic difference in call-backs. The experiment showed not only that there was discrimination in all the targeted occupations, but also that there were large differences in discrimination rates between the occupations. The findings also indicate that employers in male occupations practice sex compensation favoring female-named applicants while employers in female occupations practice both ethnic and sex compensation, favoring foreign-named men in particular.
Ethnicity, Discrimination, Employment gaps, Field experiments, Gender, Sex segregation, Sweden
Research subject Sociology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-81485OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-81485DiVA: diva2:561943