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Negotiating Social Membership: Immigrant Claims-Making Contesting Borders and Boundaries in Multi-Ethnic Europe
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The concept of social membership is the mainframe for this dissertation, which encompasses four independent articles that approach the boundaries of social membership from different perspectives. Empirically, the focus lies on mobilizing groups that demand an extension of rights and/or inclusion for documented and undocumented immigrants in two European immigration countries: Sweden and Spain. I have defined the processes through which mobilizing actors (immigrants themselves and diverse supporters of their cause) interact with boundary-making actors (institutional actors, policy makers), whom through their positions participate in drawing the boundaries between inclusion and exclusion, as negotiating social membership. To study these processes, I have performed 68 interviews with actors as mobilizing immigrants, activists mobilizing on behalf of immigrants, representatives of NGOs and trade unions, policy-makers and politicians. Two main types of claims appeared: undocumented migrants’ rights groups mobilizing for residence permits and social rights, and documented immigrants’ (and their supporters’) advocacy against ethnic discrimination. Furthermore, I have included a study that reflects the tensions over social membership within immigrant communities. The gendered dimension is its main focus, as it illustrates the value conflicts over gender equality and ethnic diversity brought to the surface through the debates following so-called honour killings in Sweden, and the difficulties faced by young immigrant women mobilizing simultaneously against racism and patriarchal oppression. 

The thesis consists of four independent articles within the overall framework of mobilizing groups demanding extended rights for and/or inclusion of immigrants. By using immigrants’ rights mobilizations, negotiations, debates and agendas, my general aim has been to explore the processes through which social membership is being contested and negotiated by a wide range of actors. In doing so, it has been possible to reveal how legal and symbolic boundaries create exclusionary processes that pose constraints on the social membership of immigrants with different legal statuses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2012. , 77 p.
Series
Stockholm studies in sociology, ISSN 0491-0885 ; N.S., 55
Keyword [en]
Migration, Immigration, Social Membership, Claims-making, Contentious politics
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-81513ISBN: 978-91-87235-04-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-81513DiVA: diva2:562384
Public defence
2012-12-07, hörsal 3, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10 B, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Manuscript.

Available from: 2012-11-15 Created: 2012-10-24 Last updated: 2015-06-16Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Negotiating the Boundaries of Social Membership: Undocumented Migrant Claims-Making in Sweden and Spain.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Negotiating the Boundaries of Social Membership: Undocumented Migrant Claims-Making in Sweden and Spain.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The concept of social membership is the mainframe for this dissertation, which encompasses four independent articles that approach the boundaries of social membership from different perspectives. Empirically, the focus lies on mobilizing groups that demand an extension of rights and/or inclusion for documented and undocumented immigrants in two European immigration countries: Sweden and Spain. I have defined the processes through which mobilizing actors (immigrants themselves and diverse supporters of their cause) interact with boundary-making actors (institutional actors, policy makers), whom through their positions participate in drawing the boundaries between inclusion and exclusion, as negotiating social membership. To study these processes, I have performed 68 interviews with actors as mobilizing immigrants, activists mobilizing on behalf of immigrants, representatives of NGOs and trade unions, policy-makers and politicians. Two main types of claims appeared: undocumented migrants’ rights groups mobilizing for residence permits and social rights, and documented immigrants’ (and their supporters’) advocacy against ethnic discrimination. Furthermore, I have included a study that reflects the tensions over social membership within immigrant communities. The gendered dimension is its main focus, as it illustrates the value conflicts over gender equality and ethnic diversity brought to the surface through the debates following so-called honour killings in Sweden, and the difficulties faced by young immigrant women mobilizing simultaneously against racism and patriarchal oppression. 

The thesis consists of four independent articles within the overall framework of mobilizing groups demanding extended rights for and/or inclusion of immigrants. By using immigrants’ rights mobilizations, negotiations, debates and agendas, my general aim has been to explore the processes through which social membership is being contested and negotiated by a wide range of actors. In doing so, it has been possible to reveal how legal and symbolic boundaries create exclusionary processes that pose constraints on the social membership of immigrants with different legal statuses.

 

 

 

 

National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-81510 (URN)
Available from: 2012-10-24 Created: 2012-10-24 Last updated: 2012-10-24Bibliographically approved
2. (De)constructing European Citizenship: Political Mobilization and Collective Identity Formation among Immigrants in Sweden and Spain
Open this publication in new window or tab >>(De)constructing European Citizenship: Political Mobilization and Collective Identity Formation among Immigrants in Sweden and Spain
2008 (English)In: Media, Democracy and European Culture / [ed] Ib Bondebjerg and Peter Madsen, Bristol: Intellect , 2008, 267-284 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The political construction of a European citizenship and a “European identity” is a project whose support among the diverse European peoples is uncertain indeed. Questions as how notions of citizenship, collective identity, and the more abstract sense of belonging to a community are being transformed by immigration are becoming increasingly salient in national and European discourse and policy. I am interested in the role immigrants themselves play in such dynamics, as social and political actors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bristol: Intellect, 2008
Keyword
Citizenship, collective identity, interest, immigrant claims-making
National Category
Cultural Studies
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-31431 (URN)1-84150-247-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-11-13 Created: 2009-11-13 Last updated: 2012-10-24Bibliographically approved
3. Gender and Ethnic Minority Claims in Swedish and EU Frames: Sites of Multi-level Political Opportunities and Boundary Making
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender and Ethnic Minority Claims in Swedish and EU Frames: Sites of Multi-level Political Opportunities and Boundary Making
2008 (English)In: Gender Issues and Women’s Movements in the Expanding European Union: Mobilization, Inclusion, Exclusion / [ed] Silke Roth, New York: Berghahn Books , 2008, 211-236 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Berghahn Books, 2008
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-31433 (URN)1845455177 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-11-13 Created: 2009-11-13 Last updated: 2012-10-24Bibliographically approved
4. Cultural Conflict and Cultural Dialogues in the Good Society: The Case of Honor Killings in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultural Conflict and Cultural Dialogues in the Good Society: The Case of Honor Killings in Sweden
2008 (English)In: Ethnicities, ISSN 1468-7968, E-ISSN 1741-2706, Vol. 8, no 3, 385-404 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Value conflicts involving gender equality are interwoven intocurrent multicultural tensions in many European societies. Theyare at the core of these tensions in Sweden, in which genderequality and principles of individual human rights constitutethe state profile and political identity. In this article, wefocus on three cases of honor killings that became flash pointsfor public debates on "culture and cultures" among politicalparties, immigrant groups and feminists in Sweden. The mediafervor surrounding honour-related violence has provided xenophobicgroups with political opportunities, but at the same time, thepublic debate has given visibility and opened up public spacefor immigrant women's groups. We conclude that the notion ofthe "good society" has kept at bay the recognition of overtlyxenophobic parties, but it has also inhibited open dialogueacross and within majority and minority cultures, which wouldallow for reflections upon the diversity within cultures, markedby religion, gender, class differences and generational conflicts.

Keyword
culturization, ethnic relations, gender equality, multiculturalism, universalism, xenophobia
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-31429 (URN)10.1177/1468796808092449 (DOI)000259812000006 ()
Available from: 2009-11-13 Created: 2009-11-13 Last updated: 2012-10-24Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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