(In)commensurability, scaling, and multiplicity of friction in nanocrystals and application to gold nanocrystals on graphite
2012 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 86, no 8, 085429- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The scaling of friction with the contact size A and (in)commensurabilty of nanoscopic and mesoscopic crystals on a regular substrate are investigated analytically for triangular nanocrystals on hexagonal substrates. The crystals are assumed to be stiff, but not completely rigid. Commensurate and incommensurate configurations are identified systematically. It is shown that three distinct friction branches coexist, an incommensurate one that does not scale with the contact size (A(0)) and two commensurate ones which scale differently (with A(1/2) and A) and are associated with various combinations of commensurate and incommensurate lattice parameters and orientations. This coexistence is a direct consequence of the two-dimensional nature of the contact layer, and such multiplicity exists in all geometries consisting of regular lattices. To demonstrate this, the procedure is repeated for rectangular geometry. The scaling of irregularly shaped crystals is also considered, and again three branches are found (A(1/4), A(3/4), A). Based on the scaling properties, a quantity is defined which can be used to classify commensurability in infinite as well as finite contacts. Finally, the consequences for friction experiments on gold nanocrystals on graphite are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 86, no 8, 085429- p.
Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-81297DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.085429ISI: 000307723700008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-81297DiVA: diva2:563254