Gravitational Waves from Color-Magnetic "Mountains" in Neutron Stars
2012 (English)In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, Vol. 109, no 8, 081103- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Neutron stars may harbor the true ground state of matter in the form of strange quark matter. If present, this type of matter is expected to be a color superconductor, a consequence of quark pairing with respect to the color and flavor degrees of freedom. The stellar magnetic field threading the quark core becomes a color-magnetic admixture and, in the event that superconductivity is of type II, leads to the formation of color-magnetic vortices. In this Letter, we show that the volume-averaged color-magnetic vortex tension force should naturally lead to a significant degree of nonaxisymmetry in systems such as radio pulsars. We show that gravitational radiation from such color-magnetic mountains in young pulsars, such as the Crab and Vela, could be observable by the future Einstein Telescope, thus, becoming a probe of paired quark matter in neutron stars. The detectability threshold can be pushed up toward the sensitivity level of Advanced LIGO if we invoke an interior magnetic field about a factor ten stronger than the surface polar field.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 109, no 8, 081103- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-81573DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.081103ISI: 000307790900003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-81573DiVA: diva2:563291