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Late Weichselian and Holocene seismostratigraphy and depositional history of the Gulf of Riga, NE Baltic Sea
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2012 (English)In: Boreas, ISSN 0300-9483, E-ISSN 1502-3885, Vol. 41, no 4, 673-689 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Lateglacial and postglacial sequence in the northern Gulf of Riga is sedimentologically subdivided into nine distinctive layers. In the seismo-acoustic sequence these layers are correlated with seven seismic/acoustic units, which largely reflect different stages in the development of the Baltic Sea. A uniform layer of the Late Weichselian till, a layer of waterlain glacial diamicton (WGD), a varved succession of the Baltic Ice Lake, a brackish-water/freshwater sandy/silty clay of Yoldia Sea, a FeS-rich layer of Ancylus Lake and discordantly bedded sand of the Litorina Sea and present-day gyttja are revealed both in sediment cores and in acoustic recordings. In general, the lateral extent of the distinguished sediment layers is gradually shrinking upwards in the Quaternary sequence towards the deepest, central depression of the gulf. Two distinguished regional discontinuities divide the Lateglacial and postglacial sediment sequence into three allounits: glacial diamicton deposits in the lower part; ice-proximal WGD, glaciolacustrine and postglacial lake/marine deposits in the middle; and brackish-water marine deposits in the uppermost part of the sequence. The presented detailed seismostratigraphic subdivision of the Quaternary sediment sequence of the Gulf of Riga permits a correlation/comparison with similar sequences across the Baltic Sea and in other former glaciated basins.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 41, no 4, 673-689 p.
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Geology Physical Geography
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-82132DOI: 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2012.00257.xISI: 000309394800011OAI: diva2:566739


Available from: 2012-11-09 Created: 2012-11-08 Last updated: 2012-11-09Bibliographically approved

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Flodén, Tom
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