An essential role for Tbx15 in the differentiation of brown and "brite" but not white adipocytes
2012 (English)In: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism, ISSN 0193-1849, E-ISSN 1522-1555, Vol. 303, no 8, e1053-E1060 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The transcription factor Tbx15 is expressed predominantly in brown adipose tissue and in those white adipose depots that are capable of giving rise to brown-in-white ("brite"/"beige") adipocytes. Therefore, we have investigated a possible role here of Tbx15 in brown and brite adipocyte differentiation in vitro. Adipocyte precursors were isolated from interscapular and axilliary brown adipose tissues, inguinal white ("brite") adipose tissue, and epididymal white adipose tissue in 129/Sv mouse pups and differentiated in culture. Differentiation was enhanced by chronic treatment with the PPAR gamma agonist rosiglitazone plus the sympathetic neurotransmitter norepinephrine. Using short interfering RNAs (siRNA) directed toward Tbx15 in these primary adipocyte cultures, we decreased Tbx15 expression >90%. This resulted in reduced expression levels of adipogenesis markers (PPAR gamma, aP2). Importantly, Tbx15 knockdown reduced the expression of brown phenotypic marker genes (PRDM16, PGC-1 alpha, Cox8b/Cox4, UCP1) in brown adipocytes and even more markedly in inguinal white adipocytes. In contrast, Tbx15 knockdown had no effect on white adipocytes originating from a depot that is not brite competent in vivo (epididymal). Therefore, Tbx15 may be essential for the development of the adipogenic and thermogenic programs in adipocytes/adipomyocytes capable of developing brown adipocyte features.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 303, no 8, e1053-E1060 p.
T-box 15, adipocyte differentiation, homeodomain transcription factors, brown fat, obesity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-83004DOI: 10.1152/ajpendo.00104.2012ISI: 000309982000011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-83004DiVA: diva2:574525