Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Learning from previous failures: scaling up biogas production in the Chinese countryside
Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), Abu Dhabi.
2012 (English)In: Climate and Development, ISSN 1756-5529, Vol. 4, no 3, 199-209 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article is part of a special issue with the aim of assessing the potential for Sustainable Development – Policies and Measures (SD-PAM) to stimulate developing country commitments in a future climate regime. In China, agricultural waste products, particularly manure from animal husbandry, represent a local source of rural energy, which can possibly be utilised through simple biogas digesters, thereby promoting rural development. For at least 50 years China has promoted this among farmers’ not only with the goal of providing local clean energy for rural development, but also to improve health and reduce pressure on fuelwood. Until the early 2000s these policies failed or had limited impact, although substantial subsidy-based programmes in the past decade have led to considerable growth. However, our field trip interviews suggest that this growth hides deep-rooted problems. For biogas to fulfil its potential, it is crucial that the policy adapts to the changing realities of Chinese livestock production. Arguably, policies to promote rural biogas combine development goals with mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions in a way that matches well with an SD-PAM mechanism. There are two main ways in which China could benefit from submitting its rural biogas policies to an SD-PAM-based regime. Such a biogas programme could get access to technology and funding for large-scale biogas systems and/or opportunities to sell credits. However, it would need to adapt to the international requirements and to accept international monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV). Alternatively, China could register its rural biogas programme as a unilateral SD-PAM, with less strict MRV requirements. This may win China recognition for its domestic policies, but would then not provide a mechanism for bringing international knowhow or possible financing to China.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 4, no 3, 199-209 p.
Keyword [en]
biogas, China, climate change, mitigation, rural development, SD-PAM
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Applied Environmental Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-83268OAI: diva2:574848
Available from: 2012-12-06 Created: 2012-12-06 Last updated: 2013-01-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links


Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Hallding, Karl
By organisation
Stockholm Environment Institute
In the same journal
Climate and Development
Environmental Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 32 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link