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Drivers, "Slow" Variables, "Fast" Variables, Shocks, and Resilience
Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
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2012 (English)In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 17, no 3, 30- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Different uses of the terms drivers, variables, and shocks cause confusion in the literature and in discussions on the dynamics of ecosystems and social-ecological systems. Three main sources of confusion are unclear definition of the system, unclear definition of the role of people, and confusion between variables and drivers. As a contribution to resolving some of the confusion, we offer one interpretation of how the terms might be used.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 17, no 3, 30- p.
Keyword [en]
drivers, fast variables, resilience, shocks, slow variables, social ecological systems
National Category
Environmental Sciences Ecology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-82974DOI: 10.5751/ES-05063-170330ISI: 000309475800032OAI: diva2:575199


Available from: 2012-12-07 Created: 2012-12-03 Last updated: 2012-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Rockström, JohanPeterson, Garry D.
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