Targeting Problematic Users of Illicit Drugs with Internet-based Screening and Brief Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Trial
2012 (English)In: Drug And Alcohol Dependence, ISSN 0376-8716, E-ISSN 1879-0046, Vol. 126, no 1-2, 42-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of an Internet-based screening and brief intervention (SBI) site for problematic alcohol and drug use among illicit drug users. Method: Individuals searching for information about alcohol or drugs online who scored over 0 on the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) and were 15 years or older were recruited for this trial and randomized into one group receiving Internet-based screening and brief intervention via eScreen.se (n = 101) or one assessment-only control group (n = 101). Both groups were screened at baseline and followed up at 3 and 6 months. The primary outcome measure was the DUDIT-C score and secondary outcome measures were DUDIT, AUDIT-C (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-C) and AUDIT scores. Additional outcomes included the proportion of drug abstainers and those who made a clinically significant change in their alcohol and drug use. Four statistical models of analysis were used to conservatively assess results. Results: A significant decrease in DUDIT-C scores at the 3-month follow-up occurred in both groups. Three out of four statistical models showed a larger decrease in the DUDIT score in the intervention group than in the control group (p = 0.006; p = 0.046; p = 0.001). Two models showed a continued decrease in AUDIT-C and AUDIT scores also at the 6-month follow-up in the intervention group but not in the control group. No additional differences occurred. Conclusions: The results are inconclusive but provide some evidence that SBI sites such as eScreen.se could be effective for short-term reductions of problematic substance use.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 126, no 1-2, 42-50 p.
Randomized controlled trial, Illicit drugs, Internet, Screening, Brief intervention, Personalized feedback
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-83460DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.04.016ISI: 000311708100007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-83460DiVA: diva2:575864