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American and European nation building in Afghanistan: - a study of identity and its influence on foreign policy -
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The essay investigates, from a social constructivist perspective, the influence on identity over a state’s behavior and foreign policy. The actors chosen in this case are the EU and the United States, and the analysis discusses their nation building efforts in Afghanistan. The paper is based on two hypotheses, the first being that identity shapes foreign policy by shaping national interests and threat perception while the second is that both the EU and the US strike a balance between their normative side (idealist) and the power oriented side (realist). As will be shown, the two actors balance these dynamics differently, the US allowing its power oriented side to take over while the EU maintains an idealist outlook on international affairs.   It will be argued that these dynamics particularly manifest themselves in the case of nation building in Afghanistan as nation building is situated between development and security and stability in Afghanistan is considered very important to international security. The nation building discourse in both the EU and the US prior to Afghanistan will be studied, along with important historical events which shaped the identity of the two powers. The construction of the “other”, usually crucial in identity analyses, is present even in this study

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
US, EU, Afghanistan, Identity
National Category
Economic History
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-84885OAI: diva2:581755
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2013-01-16 Created: 2013-01-02 Last updated: 2013-01-16Bibliographically approved

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