Permafrost degradation and subsurface-flow changes caused by surface warming trends
2012 (English)In: Hydrogeology Journal, ISSN 1431-2174, E-ISSN 1435-0157, Vol. 21, no 1, 271-280 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Change dynamics of permafrost thaw, andassociated changes in subsurface flow and seepage into surface water, are analysed for different warming trends in soil temperature at the ground surface with a three-phase two-component flow system coupled to heat transport. Changes in annual, seasonal and extreme flows are analysed for three warming-temperature trends, representing simplified climate change scenarios. The results support previous studies of reduced temporal variability of groundwater flow across all investigated trends. Decreased intra-annual flow variability may thus serve asan early indicator of permafrost degradation before longer term changes in mean flows are notable. This is advantageous since hydrological data are considerably easier to obtain, may be available in longer time series, and generally reflect larger-scale conditions than direct permafrost observations. The results further show that permafrost degradation first leads to increasing water discharge, which then decreases as the permafrost degradation progresses further to total thaw. The most pronounced changes occur for minimum annual flows. The configuration considered represents subsurface discharge from a generic heterogeneous soil-type domain.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 21, no 1, 271-280 p.
Permafrost hydrogeology, Climate change, Multiphase flow, Heat transport, Numerical modelling
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources Climate Research
Research subject Hydrology; Computing Science; Geography, Physical Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-85217DOI: 10.1007/s10040-012-0938-zISI: 000314333600020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-85217DiVA: diva2:582974
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2007-8393