Effects of a Multi-component Responsible Beverage Service Program on Violent Assaults in Sweden
2013 (English)In: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, Vol. 108, no 1, 89-96 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: A multi-component Responsible Beverage Service (RBS) programme has been disseminated in Swedish municipalities. The aim of the programme is to reduce violence associated with consumption of alcohol at on-licensed premises. This study aimed to analyse the effect of the programme on police-recorded assaults after the dissemination of the programme in Swedish municipalities, 19962009.
Design: This study is a natural experiment that uses variation in the level of implementation of the RBS programme to predict change in the rate of police-recorded assaults. Setting Swedish municipalities. Participants The municipalities included in the study initiated the RBS programme no later than 2008. On-licensed premises open during the evenings must exist. Of 290 municipalities, 237 fulfilled these requirements.
Measurement: Programme fidelity was studied by means of several surveys. Yearly data on police-recorded assaults, per 100?000 inhabitants aged 15 and above, committed on weekend nights, were used as dependent variable. A fixed-effects panel data regression model was used to examine the effect of the programme.
Findings: Each extension of the programme, by one component, was associated with a significant 3.1% reduction in assaults. However, this effect was seen mainly in smaller municipalities. Of the different components of the programme, the presence of a community coalition steering group had a significant effect on assaults. No significant effect was found regarding RBS training or supervision of on-licensed premises.
Conclusion: Multi-component Responsible Beverage Service programmes can have a significant effect on police-recorded assaults even when implemented on a large scale in many communities.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 108, no 1, 89-96 p.
Alcohol, assaults, licensed premises, multi-component RBS programme, RBS training, violence
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-85228DOI: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.04004.xISI: 000312884400017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-85228DiVA: diva2:583008