Seasonal benthic nutrient cycling in a Baltic sea estuary
2012 (English)In: / [ed] The Oceanography Society, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, American Geophysical Union, 2012Conference paper, Poster (Other academic)
Decades of urban, industrial, and agricultural discharge of nitrogen and phosphorus to the Baltic Sea have contributed to the spreading of water column hypoxia and annual widespread cyanobacteria blooms. Central to mitigating Baltic Sea eutrophication is to resolve how much reduction strategies of external N and P loading are offset by internal loading of the Baltic through nutrient recycling from the sediment. We investigated the seasonal variation of benthic nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in an estuary of the Baltic impacted by decades of sewage discharge. Sediment nutrient fluxes, denitrification, Anammox, DNRA, potential nitrification, and total and diffusive oxygen uptake (TOU/DOU) were quantified with 15N-tracer methods and microsensor profiling. Data indicate benthic net efflux of ammonium and phosphorus during the summer months, decreasing N2 loss with increasing organic matter content, and benthic N/P regeneration with a ratio of 3 to 7 compared to the sewage discharge N/P of ≈ 25, and a significant contribution (6 to 25%) of Anammox to N2 loss. On average benthic denitrification and Anammox may reduce the N load to the estuary by up to 54%.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Research subject Biogeochemistry; Marine Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-85288OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-85288DiVA: diva2:583403
2012 Ocean Sciences Meeting, 20-24 February 2012, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA