Modulation of Auditory Attention by Training: Evidence From Dichotic Listening
2012 (English)In: Experimental psychology (Göttingen), ISSN 1618-3169, Vol. 60, no 1, 44-52 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We studied the effects of training on auditory attention in healthy adults with a speech perception task involving dichotically presented syllables. Training involved bottom-up manipulation (facilitating responses from the harder-to-report left ear through a decrease of right-ear stimulus intensity), top-down manipulation (focusing attention on the left-ear stimuli through instruction), or their combination. The results showed significant training-related effects for top-down training. These effects were evident as higher overall accuracy rates in the forced-left dichotic listening (DL) condition that sets demands on attentional control, as well as a response shift toward left-sided reports in the standard DL task. Moreover, a transfer effect was observed in an untrained auditory-spatial attention task involving bilateral stimulation where top-down training led to a relatively stronger focus on left-sided stimuli. Our results indicate that training of attentional control can modulate the allocation of attention in the auditory space in adults. Malleability of auditory attention in healthy adults raises the issue of potential training gains in individuals with attentional deficits.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 60, no 1, 44-52 p.
training, auditory attention, attentional control, dichotic listening, executive functions
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-85368DOI: 10.1027/1618-3169/a000172ISI: 000313964700006PubMedID: 22935330OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-85368DiVA: diva2:585348