Grey matter and cognitive patterns in cognitive impaired subjects using CSF biomarker cut-offs
2012 (English)In: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, ISSN 1387-2877, Vol. 29, no 4, 741-749 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this study was to investigate brain tissue volumes, grey matter (GM) distribution, and cognitive performance for cognitively impaired subjects using cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarker cut-offs as grouping criteria. 41 subjects attending the Memory Clinic, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden, were divided into groups based on normal or abnormal CSF levels of Aβ1-42, t-tau, and p-tau181. SIENAX algorithms were employed for brain tissue volumes estimation and voxel-based morphometry (VBM) for mapping the differences in GM patterns. VBM revealed significant lower GM volumes in temporo-parietal, occipital, and prefrontal cortices for those subjects belonging to abnormal CSF t-tau and p-tau181 groups. No differences were found between groups according to CSF Aβ1-42 cut-offs. Patients with abnormal CSF p-tau181 showed lower cognitive performance compared to those with normal levels. Patients with abnormal levels of CSF tau (but not Aβ1-42) showed an Alzheimer's disease-like pattern for both GM distribution and cognitive profile, compared to those with normal levels. These results support the hypothesis that CSF t-tau or p-tau181 levels may be of direct value for the evaluation of disease severity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 29, no 4, 741-749 p.
Alzheimer's disease, CSF biomarkers, grey matter, MRI, voxel based morphometry
Gerontology, specializing in Medical and Health Sciences Neurosciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-85317DOI: 10.3233/JAD-2012-111553PubMedID: 22330819OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-85317DiVA: diva2:585386