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Aging magnifies the effects of dopamine transporter and D2 receptor genes on backward serial memory
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2013 (English)In: Neurobiology of Aging, ISSN 0197-4580, E-ISSN 1558-1497, Vol. 34, no 1, 358.e1-358.e10 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aging compromises dopamine transporter (DAT) and receptor mechanisms in the frontostriatal circuitry. In a sample of 1288 younger and older adults, we investigated (i) whether individual differences in genotypes of the DAT gene (i.e., SLC6A3, the DAT variable number of tandem repeat 9/9, 9/10, and 10/10) and in the D2 receptor (DRD2) gene (i.e., the C957T [rs6277] CC and any T) interactively contribute to phenotype variations in episodic memory performance; and (ii) whether these genetic effects are magnified in older adults, because of considerable declines in the dopamine functions. Our results showed that carrying genotypes associated with higher levels of striatal synaptic dopamine (DAT 9/9) and higher density of extrastriatal D2 receptors (C957T CC) were associated with better backward serial recall, an episodic memory task with high encoding and retrieval demands. Critically, the gene-gene interaction effect was reliably stronger in older than in younger adults. In line with the resource modulation hypothesis, our findings suggest that aging-related decline in brain phenotypes (e.g., dopamine functions) could alter the relations between genotypes and behavioral phenotypes (e.g., episodic memory).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 34, no 1, 358.e1-358.e10 p.
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-85158DOI: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2012.08.001PubMedID: 22939506OAI: diva2:585407
Available from: 2013-01-10 Created: 2013-01-07 Last updated: 2013-04-03Bibliographically approved

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