Devaluation, crowding or skill specificity?: exploring the mechanisms behind the lower wages in female professions
2012 (English)Report (Other academic)
A conspicuous finding in research on the gender wage gap is that wages are related to the percentage females in an occupation. Three mechanisms have been suggested to explain this relationship: a devaluation of women´s work, a crowding of women into a limited number of occupations, and a female disadvantage in the accumulation of specific human capital. In this analysis, based on data from the Swedish Level of Living Survey of 2000 (n=2 915), we distinguish between these mechanisms using measures of devaluation (Treiman’s prestige scale), crowding (employee dependence on current employer) and specific human capital (on-the-job training). All the indicators prove to be related to the occupational percentage of females, although often not in a linear fashion. The multi-level wage regressions show that the negative correlation between the occupational percentage of females and wages is best explained by the specific human capital hypothesis while the others are not supported.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 28 p.
, Welfare studies working paper series, Umeå University, 5
gender, wages, segregation, crowding, devaluation, skill specificity, multi-level analysis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-86001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-86001DiVA: diva2:585802