Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Svenskan i Nya Sverige 1638–ca 1810: Fragment av en kortlivad dialekt
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0840-1357
2011 (Swedish)In: Svenska landsmål och svenskt folkliv, ISSN 0347-1837, 77-104 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Swedish in New Sweden, 1638–c. 1810. Fragments of a short-lived dialect

Although the colony of New Sweden is fairly well documented, very little has been written about the linguistic situation there, and still less about the Swedish dialect that developed in the colony. Nonetheless, such a dialect was spoken by, at most, around 1,500 people between the middle of the 17th and the beginning of the 19th century. This article is an attempt to analyse the limited data available on the only truly indigenous Swedish dialect outside Europe.

The Swedish of New Sweden probably deviated relatively little from the standard language of the time, although it seems to have had something of a Western Swedish flavour, as well as being influenced to some extent by the neighbouring languages of Dutch, English and Lenape. Both archaic and – for the period – modern features can be observed.

Most documentation of the dialect is lexical in nature. The main source consists of the writings of Pehr Kalm, a disciple of Linnaeus, a fact reflected in the vocabulary recorded, which is made up largely of words from the plant and animal worlds. Certain conclusions can, however, be drawn regarding the morphology, syntax, phonology and pragmatics of the dialect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. 77-104 p.
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-86274OAI: diva2:586577
Available from: 2013-01-11 Created: 2013-01-11 Last updated: 2016-07-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Fri fulltext

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Parkvall, Mikael
By organisation
General Linguistics
In the same journal
Svenska landsmål och svenskt folkliv
General Language Studies and Linguistics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 68 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link