The role of sentence type in Ika (Arwako) egophoric marking
2016 (English)In: Egophoricity / [ed] Floyd, Simeon, Elisabeth Norcliffe, Lila San Roque, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
This paper analyses the relationship between sentence type and egophoric marking, also known as conjunct/disjunct, in Ika (ISO 639-3:arh), an Arwako-Chibchan language spoken by some 15.000 in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta region of northern Colombia. Prototypically, egophoric/conjunct marking occurs with first person subjects in declaratives and second person subjects in interrogatives. Non-egophoric/disjunct marking is reserved for all other combinations of subject person and the declarative/interrogative sentence types. The special status of egophoric marking thus has to be accounted for in both declarative and interrogative contexts. However, the prototypical distribution of egophoric marking is not without noted exceptions, some of which stem from the relationship between sentence-type and subject person. In Ika, there are specific distributional restrictions with the egophoric marker and second person subjects that depend on the relationship between subject person and sentence type, and which have consequences for the analysis of the system. With second person subjects, egophoric marking is only possible by including the perspective of the addressee in the epistemic assessment of the speaker, not by means of epistemic “flip” or reversal, as suggested in other accounts of egophoric marking (cf. Creissels 2008). This exception is consistent with the functional motivations underlying egophoric marking, although it may in detail be specific to the system found in Ika. Egophoric marking in Ika is subsequently analyzed using the notion of “complex epistemic perspective” that houses the epistemic perspectives of both speech participants (cf. Evans 2005; Bergqvist 2011) and is hypothesized to encode the speaker’s epistemic access to an event that involves (at least) one of the speech participants.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2016.
, Typological studies in language, ISSN 0167-7373
Egophoric marking, Ika, interrogatives, epistemic marking
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject Linguistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-86469OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-86469DiVA: diva2:587051
ProjectsSammansatt perspektiv i epistemisk bedömning: en undersökning av intersubjektivitet i språk
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2011-2274
Accepted for publication2013-01-142013-01-142016-03-04