Labor-market status, migrant status, and first childbearing in Sweden
2012 (English)In: Demographic Research, ISSN 1435-9871, Vol. 27, no article 25, 719-742 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background Labor market uncertainties and employment insecurity have emerged as increasingly important factors in research on family formation and fertility.
Objective In the present study, we provide evidence from Sweden on how non-employment, unemployment, and temporary employment relate to young people's first birth risks.
Methods We use a combination of Labor Force Survey data on employment characteristics and register data on demographic outcomes to investigate how the labor market status and stability of employment are associated with the first birth behavior of women and men, and of Swedish-and foreign-born people in Sweden.
Results Consistent with previous research, we find that people who are not in the labor force are less likely than those who are employed to enter parenthood. In most cases, we also find that young people who are in temporary employment are less likely than those who are permanently employed to start a family.
Conclusions Our study demonstrates that foreign-born people living in Sweden tend to adapt to the behavior of native-born Swedes, and that patterns for women and men are largely similar. We relate these findings to the equalizing impact of the country's universal welfare regime.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 27, no article 25, 719-742 p.
fertility, labor market, migration, status, Sweden, uncertainty
Research subject Demography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-86497DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2012.27.25ISI: 000312253400001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-86497DiVA: diva2:587167
FunderSwedish Research Council, 349-2007-8701