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Nord Stream: A security Issue
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Nord Stream is an international consortium created by five big companies in year 2005 with the purpose of planning and construction two 1,224-kilometre long gas pipelines through the Baltic Sea. This thesis will analyze and shed light on the political discourse surrounding Nord Stream from a Swedish perspective. Research enters upon the assumption that Nord Stream poses a security issue for Sweden, which is investigated and validated through Regional Security Complex Theory. Furthermore, the aim is to investigate hidden and omitted causalities and explain why Sweden and Russia talk about Nord Stream the way they do. The research reveals that the official Swedish stand in the Nord Stream debate is clear, Sweden is negative to the project and the reason is argued to be environmental aspects. Though linked to the fact that Nord Stream is a security issue for Sweden, new and interesting notions are exposed with help of political framing. In the case of Nord Stream, significant societal and institutional constrain controls Sweden’s actions, especially since the issue is of an international matter. Nord Stream includes trade, energy politics, national borders and environmental aspects. Sweden must answer to both powerful actors such as Russia and EU, but also public opinion in form of their citizens. Thus, no matter what the factual background is, tools for a Swedish interception of Nord Stream are limited.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 47 p.
Keyword [en]
Nord Stream, pipeline, international waters, transporting gas
National Category
Economic History
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-86684OAI: diva2:588825
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2013-01-16 Created: 2013-01-16 Last updated: 2013-01-16Bibliographically approved

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