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Preparation of dry ultra-porous cellulosic fibres: Characterization and possible initial uses
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
2013 (English)In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 92, no 1, 775-783 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Dry ultra-porous cellulose fibres were obtained using a liquid exchange procedure in which water was replaced in the following order: water, methanol, acetone, and finally pentane: thereafter, the fibres were dried with Ar(g). The dry samples (of TEMPO-oxidized dissolving pulp) had a specific surface area of 130 m(2) g(-1) as measured using BET nitrogen gas adsorption. The open structure in the dry state was also revealed using field emission scanning electron microscopy. This dry open structure was used as a scaffold for in situ polymerization. Both poly(methyl methacrylate) and poly(butylacrylate) were successfully used as matrix polymers for the composite material (fibre/polymer), comprising approximately 20 wt% fibres. Atomic force microscopy phase imaging indicated a nanoscale mixing of the matrix polymer and the cellulose fibril aggregates and this was also supported by mechanical testing of the prepared composite where the open fibre structure produced superior composites. The fibre/polymer composite had a significantly reduced water absorption capacity also indicating an efficient filling of the fibre structure with the matrix polymer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 92, no 1, 775-783 p.
Keyword [en]
Cellulose fibre, Composite, In situ polymerization, Liquid exchange, Open structure, Surface area
National Category
Polymer Chemistry Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-87700DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.09.090ISI: 000313146900110OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-87700DiVA: diva2:605640
Note

AuthorCount:4;

Available from: 2013-02-14 Created: 2013-02-14 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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