Socio-economic position over the life course and all-cause, and circulatory diseases mortality at age 50-87 years: results from a Swedish birth cohort
2013 (English)In: European Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0393-2990, E-ISSN 1573-7284, Vol. 28, no 2, 139-147 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Both child and adult socio-economic position (SEP) predict adult mortality, but little is known about the variation in the impact of SEP across the life course. The Uppsala Birth Cohort Study is a representative birth cohort born 1915–1929 in Uppsala, Sweden. For the 5,138 males and 5,069 females alive in 1980, SEP was available at birth; in adulthood (age 31–45); and in later life (age 51–65). Follow-up for mortality (all-cause, and circulatory disease) was from 1980 to 2002. To test which life course model best described the association between SEP and mortality, we compared the fit of a series of nested Cox proportional hazards regression models (representing either the critical, accumulation or sensitive period models) with a fully saturated model. For all-cause mortality in both genders, the sensitive period model best described the influence of SEP across the life course with a heightened effect in later adult life (males: Hazard Ratio (95 % CI) for advantaged SEP: 0.89 (0.81–0.97) at birth, 0.90 (0.81–0.98) in adulthood, 0.74 (0.67–0.82) in later life; females: 0.87 (0.78–0.98), 0.95 (0.86–1.06), 0.73 (0.64–0.83)). The effect of SEP on circulatory diseases mortality in males was cumulative (HR: 0.84 (0.80–0.87) per unit time in advantaged SEP). For circulatory disease mortality among females, a sensitive period model was selected due to SEP in later adult life (HR: 0.64 (0.52–0.80)). These findings suggest that reducing inequality throughout the life course might reduce all-cause and circulatory disease mortality.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 28, no 2, 139-147 p.
Socio-economic position, Life course, Mortality, Sweden
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-87760DOI: 10.1007/s10654-013-9777-zISI: 000316638900004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-87760DiVA: diva2:606157
FunderSwedish Research Council