Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Regulating force in putting by using the Borg CR100 scale®
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2013 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 4, no 82Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies investigating the regulation of force of motor actions are scarce, and particularly so in the area of sports. This is surprising, considering that in most sports precise force is of great importance. The current study demonstrates how a psychophysical scale, the Borg CR100 scale® (Borg and Borg, 2001), can be used to assess subjective force as well as regulate force in putting. Psychophysical functions were calculated on the relationships between judgments of force using the CR100 scale and the length of putting shots, examined in a laboratory setting, where 44 amateur golfers played on both flat and uphill surfaces. High agreement and consistency between CR 100 ratings and distances putted was demonstrated. No significant differences in handling the scale were observed between younger (mean age ≈37 years) and older (mean age ≈69 years) players or between players of different skill level. This study provides a new innovative use of an existing instrument, the Borg CR 100 scale®, in order to understand the regulation of force needed for putts of various lengths and surfaces. These results and the potential future benefits of the psychophysical approach in golf are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 4, no 82
Keyword [en]
putting, subjective force, Borg CR100 scale®, psychophysical functions, age, skill
National Category
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-88160DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00082OAI: diva2:609928
Available from: 2013-03-08 Created: 2013-03-08 Last updated: 2013-04-09Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Borg, Elisabet
By organisation
Department of Psychology
In the same journal
Frontiers in Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 31 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link