Electrochemical Preparation of Dispersed Gold Nanoparticles Supported in the Pores of Siliceous Mesocellular Foam: An Efficient Catalyst for Cycloisomerization of 4-Alkynoic Acids to Lactones
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
A versatile approach for the production of dispersed thiol-stabilized gold nanoparticles in the pores of siliceous mesocellular foam (MCF) is described and the thiol-stabilized gold nanoparticles were found to catalyze the cyclization of 4-pentynoic acids to lactones. The reported method is based on an electrochemical oxidation of a gold substrate generating oxidative Au(III) species which give rise to a surface-confined redox reaction yielding MCF supported Au(I)-thiolates. By reducing the MCF-S-Au(I) complex with sodium borohydride thiol-stabilized gold nanoparticles were obtained which were characterized with Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The nanoparticles were found to be in the size of 1-8 nm. Inductive Coupled Plasma (ICP) analysis indicated an Au loading of 3 % (w/w) on the MCF. Further 0.5 mol% of the MCF-S-Au(0) solids were used to catalyze the cyclization reaction of 4-alkynoic acid under mild conditions with high selectivity (> 99%).
Research subject Organic Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-88208OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-88208DiVA: diva2:610358