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Late Life Leisure Activities and Risk of Cognitive Decline
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI).
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2013 (English)In: The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences, ISSN 1079-5006, E-ISSN 1758-535X, Vol. 68, no 2, 205-213 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. Studies concerning the effect of different types of leisure activities on various cognitive domains are limited. This study tests the hypothesis that mental, physical, and social activities have a domain-specific protection against cognitive decline. Methods. A cohort of a geographically defined population in China was examined in 2003-2005 and followed for an average of 2.4 years. Leisure activities were assessed in 1,463 adults aged 65 years and older without cognitive or physical impairment at baseline, and their cognitive performances were tested at baseline and follow-up examinations. Results. High level of mental activity was related to less decline in global cognition (beta = -.23, p < .01), language (beta = -.11, p < .05), and executive function (beta = -.13, p < .05) in ANCOVA models adjusting for age, gender, education, history of stroke, body mass index, Apolipoprotein E genotype, and baseline cognition. High level of physical activity was related to less decline in episodic memory (beta = -.08, p < .05) and language (beta = -.15, p < .01). High level of social activity was associated with less decline in global cognition (beta = -.11, p < .05). Further, a dose-response pattern was observed: although participants who did not engage in any of the three activities experienced a significant global cognitive decline, those who engaged in any one of the activities maintained their cognition, and those who engaged in two or three activities improved their cognition. The same pattern was observed in men and in women. Conclusions. Leisure activities in old age may protect against cognitive decline for both women and men, and different types of activities seem to benefit different cognitive domains.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 68, no 2, 205-213 p.
Keyword [en]
Cognitive function, Leisure activities, Mental activity, Physical activity, Social activity
National Category
Geriatrics Gerontology, specializing in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-88251DOI: 10.1093/gerona/gls153ISI: 000313474000014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-88251DiVA: diva2:611151
Note

AuthorCount:14;

Available from: 2013-03-14 Created: 2013-03-12 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI)
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The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences
GeriatricsGerontology, specializing in Medical and Health Sciences

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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