New Membrane Mimetics with Galactolipids: Lipid Properties in Fast-Tumbling Bicelles
2013 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 117, no 4, 1044-1050 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Galactolipids are the main structural component of plant chloroplastic (thylakoid) membranes and of blue-green algae cell membranes. The predominant lipids in this class are monogalactosyl-diacylglycerol (MGDG) and digalactosyl-diacylglycerol (DGDG). We here present a method for the preparation of bicelles that contain these galactolipids together with a characterization of the bicelles, and the lipids within the bicelles. NMR diffusion data show that up to 3096 of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) in a q = 0.5 DMPC/DHPC lipid matrix can be replaced with either monogalactosyl-diacylglycerol or digalactosyl-diacylglycerol and that these lipids incorporate into the bicelles. No evidence for phase separation is observed. Bicelles made with monogalactosyl-diacylglycerol are significantly larger than bicelles containing only DMPC, already with only 1096 of the DMPC replaced with the galactolipid. The effect of digalactosyl-diacylglycerol on bicelle size is much smaller. These observations are likely to be correlated with the different bilayer-forming properties of the lipids. Monogalactosyl-diacylglycerol is a non-bilayer-forming lipid, while digalactosyl-diacylglycerol is a bilayer-forming lipid. Both galactolipids display extensive local motion within the bilayer, as evidenced by natural abundance carbon-13 relaxation of the lipid molecules. The sugar headgroup regions are motionally restricted and cannot be described by a model that does not take into account anisotropic reorientation of the sugar units. No significant effect of the galactolipids on DMPC dynamics was observed. Our results indicate that these bicelles may become useful as model membrane mimetic media for studies of galactolipid-protein interactions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 117, no 4, 1044-1050 p.
Research subject Biophysics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-88249DOI: 10.1021/jp311093pISI: 000314492300009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-88249DiVA: diva2:611165
FunderSwedish Research Council, 621-2011-5964